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07.10.2016 | Ausgabe 3/2017

Prevention Science 3/2017

The Family Socialization Interview—Revised (FSI-R): a Comprehensive Assessment of Parental Disciplinary Behaviors

Zeitschrift:
Prevention Science > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Sarah L. O’Dor, Damion J. Grasso, Danielle Forbes, John E. Bates, Kimberly J. McCarthy, Lauren S. Wakschlag, Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan

Abstract

Elucidating the complex mechanisms by which harsh parenting increases risk of child psychopathology is key to targeted prevention. This requires nuanced methods that capture the varied perceptions and experiences of diverse families. The Family Socialization Interview—Revised (FSI-R), adapted from an interview developed by Dodge et al. (Child Development, 65, 649–665, 1994), is a comprehensive, semi-structured interview for characterizing methods of parental discipline used with young children. The FSI-R coding system systematically rates parenting style, usual discipline techniques, and most intense physical and psychological discipline based on rater judgment across two eras: (1) birth to the previous year, and (2) the previous year to present. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the FSI-R in a diverse, high-risk community sample of 386 mothers and their children, ages 3 to 6 years. Interrater reliability was good to excellent for codes capturing physically and psychologically harsh parenting, and restrictive/punitive parenting styles. Findings supported the FSI-R’s convergent and incremental validity. Importantly, the FSI-R demonstrated incremental utility, explaining unique variance in children’s externalizing and internalizing symptoms beyond that explained by traditional surveys and observed parenting. The FSI-R appeared particularly promising for capturing risk associated with young children’s depressive symptoms, as these were generally not significantly associated with other measures of harsh parenting. Overall, findings support the added value of the FSI-R within a multi-method assessment of disciplinary practices across early child development. Future implications for prevention are discussed.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplemental Online Table S-1 (DOCX 22 kb)
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Supplemental Online Table S-2 (DOCX 23 kb)
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Supplemental Online Table S-3 (DOCX 24 kb)
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Supplemental Online Table S-4 (DOCX 24 kb)
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Supplemental Online Table S-5 (DOCX 24 kb)
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Supplemental Online Table S-6 (DOCX 24 kb)
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Supplemental Online Table S-7 (DOCX 20 kb)
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