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07.02.2018 | Knee | Ausgabe 11/2018

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 11/2018

The flexion space is more reliably balanced when using the transepicondylar axis as compared to the posterior condylar line

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 11/2018
Autoren:
Scott R. Nodzo, Vincenzo Franceschini, Diego Sanchez Cruz, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences in flexion space balance when the femoral component is implanted parallel to the surgical transepicondylar axis (TEA) or with 3° of external rotation from the posterior condylar line (PoCoLi). It was hypothesized that implantation parallel to the TEA will produce a more reliably balanced flexion space.

Methods

Forty-eight consecutive patients with a varus deformity were prospectively randomized to undergo total knee arthroplasty with a femoral component implanted parallel the TEA, or with 3° of external rotation from the PoCoLi. The posterior condylar angle (PCA) was measured. Intraoperative load measurements were taken at 10°, 45°, and 90° of flexion.

Results

The PCA was similar between groups (TEA group: 4.2° ± 1.5° and PoCoLi group: 4.0° ± 1.3°; n.s.). The mean difference in load values between the medial and lateral compartments was significantly lower in the TEA group than in the PoCoLi group at the 45 (0 ± 8 vs. 9 ± 13 lbs; respectively, p = 0.008) and 90° flexion angles (1 ± 9 vs. 10 ± 15 lbs; respectively, p = 0.01). The PoCoLi group had a linear increase in the difference of load values between the medial and lateral compartments with increasing magnitude of the posterior condylar angle (45°, p = 0.0013; 90°, p = 0.0006), but this was not observed in the TEA group.

Conclusion

Femoral component implantation parallel to the TEA resulted in a more balanced flexion gap as compared to implantation at 3° of external rotation from the PoCoLi. The intraoperative use of the TEA rather than the PoCoLi to set femoral component rotation may provide a more balanced flexion space and decrease the need for extensive soft tissue releases.

Level of evidence

II.

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