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12.06.2019 | Ausgabe 8/2019

Journal of General Internal Medicine 8/2019

The French Society of Internal Medicine’s Top-5 List of Recommendations: a National Web-Based Survey

Zeitschrift:
Journal of General Internal Medicine > Ausgabe 8/2019
Autoren:
MD, MS Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, MD Adeline Bauvois, MD Marie Chilles, MD Baptiste Gramont, MD Redwan Maatoug, MD Marie Bismut, MD Camille Thorey, MD Eric Oziol, MD, PhD Thomas Hanslik
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

The international project “Choosing Wisely” aims to target unnecessary and potentially harmful examinations and treatments.

Objective

To define the French Internal Medicine Top-5 list.

Design

Based on a review of existing Top-5 lists and personal experience, a working group of the French National Society of Internal Medicine selected 27 diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. They were submitted through a national web-based survey to French internists who rated from 1 to 5 the perceived frequency, uselessness, and risk of each procedure. A composite score was calculated as the unweighted addition of the three scores.

Participants

Four hundred thirty internists answered the web-based survey (14% of all French internists including residents). All the French regions and status of the profession were represented.

Key Results

For the 27 submitted procedures, the mean score (± SD) was 3.25 (± 0.48) for frequency, 3.10 (± 0.43) for uselessness, and 2.63 (± 0.84) for risk.
The Top-5 list obtained with the composite score was as follows:
1.
Do not prescribe long-term treatment with proton pump inhibitors without regular reevaluation of the indication
 
2.
Do not administer preventive treatments (e.g., for dyslipidemia, hypertension…) in elderly people with dementia when potential risks outweigh the benefits
 
3.
Do not administer hypnotic medications as first-line treatment for insomnia
 
4.
Do not treat with an anticoagulant for more than 3 months a patient with a first venous thromboembolism occurring in the setting of a major transient risk factor
 
5.
Do not screen for Lyme disease without an exposure history or related clinical examination findings
 
We found that the composite score was strongly correlated to the risk score (rs = 0.88, p < 10−5) and not to the frequency (rs = 0.06, p = 0.75) or uselessness score (rs = 0.17, p = 0.38).

Conclusions

This Top-5 list provides an opportunity to discuss appropriate use of health care practices in internal medicine.

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