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01.12.2016 | Primary research | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

Cancer Cell International 1/2016

The histone deacetylase inhibitor PCI-24781 as a putative radiosensitizer in pediatric glioblastoma cell lines

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Cell International > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Pamela Viani de Andrade, Augusto Faria Andrade, Rosane Gomes de Paula Queiroz, Carlos Alberto Scrideli, Luiz Gonzaga Tone, Elvis Terci Valera

Abstract

Background

Glioblastoma (GBM) is considered to be one of the most aggressive tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). Even with the use of modern treatment protocols, the prognosis remains reserved, with children with GBM having a mean survival of 12–15 months.

Methods

In the present study we investigated the potential radiosensitizing effect of PCI-24781, a potent pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), on the SF188 and KNS42 cell lines of pediatric GBM. Cell proliferation rates, clonogenicity and apoptosis were compared in the presence and absence of treatment with PCI-24781. We also compared the clonogenicity rates of the irradiated SF188 and KNS42 cell lines with or without previous treatment with PCI-24781 at the doses of 0.25–16 μM. In addition, we investigated the effects of PCI-24781 on the expression of some of the main proteins responsible for the repair of double-strand DNA breaks caused by irradiation.

Results

The inhibitor blocked cell proliferation, induced death by apoptosis and reduced the colony forming capacity of the cell lines, both of them showing a significant decrease of colony formation at all irradiation doses. The expression of the Rad51 protein, important for the homologous recombination (HR) repair pathway, and of the DNA-PKcs, Ku70 and Ku86 proteins, important for the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) repair pathway, was more reduced when the irradiated cell line was previously treated with PCI-24781 than when it was treated exclusively with radiotherapy.

Conclusions

These findings demonstrate that HDACi PCI-24781 has a radiosensitizing profile that compromises the repair of double-strand DNA breaks in cells of pediatric GBM treated with radiotherapy.
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