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01.03.2012 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2012

Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 3/2012

The impact of abdominal shape index of patients on laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer

Zeitschrift:
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2012
Autoren:
Toshiyasu Ojima, Makoto Iwahashi, Mikihito Nakamori, Masaki Nakamura, Katsunari Takifuji, Masahiro Katsuda, Takeshi Iida, Toshiaki Tsuji, Keiji Hayata, Hiroki Yamaue

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to explore the effects of the abdominal shape index on gastric cancer patients’ short-term surgical outcomes of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) in both genders.

Methods

This retrospective study included 231 consecutive patients with early gastric cancer who underwent LADG with Billroth I anastomosis between 1998 and 2009. The abdominal shape index of patients was calculated using preoperative abdominal computed tomography scans and the Fat Scan software program.

Results

In male patients, the duration of surgery was longer in patients with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 (P = 0.016), with the anterior to posterior diameter ≥200 mm (P < 0.0001), with the transverse diameter (TD) ≥300 mm (P = 0.030), with the waist ≥85 cm (P = 0.039), and with the visceral fat area (VFA) ≥100 cm2 (P = 0.029). The intraoperative blood loss was higher in the large TD group (P = 0.049), in the high waist group (P = 0.006), and in the large VFA group (P = 0.007). In female patients, the correlations between these surgical outcomes and this abdominal shape index were not found. No significant relationships between each body shape index and the number of lymph nodes retrieved were found in either gender. Postoperative complications were not associated with the fat volume and abdominal shape index.

Conclusions

Accumulation of fat did not affect short-term surgical outcomes except for the duration of surgery and intraoperative blood loss in male patients.

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