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Erschienen in: Journal of Urban Health 2/2017

07.03.2017

The Impact of Single-Container Malt Liquor Sales Restrictions on Urban Crime

verfasst von: Patricia McKee, Darin J. Erickson, Traci Toomey, Toben Nelson, Elyse Levine Less, Spruha Joshi, Rhonda Jones-Webb

Erschienen in: Journal of Urban Health | Ausgabe 2/2017

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Abstract

Many US cities have adopted legal restrictions on high-alcohol malt liquor sales in response to reports of crime and nuisance behaviors around retail alcohol outlets. We assessed whether these policies are effective in reducing crime in urban areas. We used a rigorous interrupted time-series design with comparison groups to examine monthly crime rates in areas surrounding alcohol outlets in the 3 years before and after adoption of malt liquor sales restrictions in two US cities. Crime rates in matched comparison areas not subject to restrictions served as covariates. Novel methods for matching target and comparison areas using virtual neighborhood audits conducted in Google Street View are described. In Minneapolis, Minnesota, sales of single containers of 16 oz or less were prohibited in individual liquor stores (n = 6). In Washington, D.C., the sale of single containers of any size were prohibited in all retail alcohol outlets within full or partial wards (n = 6). Policy adoption was associated with modest reductions in crime, particularly assaults and vandalism, in both cities. All significant outcomes were in the hypothesized direction. Our results provide evidence that retail malt liquor sales restrictions, even relatively weak ones, can have modest effects on a range of crimes. Policy success may depend on community support and concurrent restrictions on malt liquor substitutes.
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Metadaten
Titel
The Impact of Single-Container Malt Liquor Sales Restrictions on Urban Crime
verfasst von
Patricia McKee
Darin J. Erickson
Traci Toomey
Toben Nelson
Elyse Levine Less
Spruha Joshi
Rhonda Jones-Webb
Publikationsdatum
07.03.2017
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Journal of Urban Health / Ausgabe 2/2017
Print ISSN: 1099-3460
Elektronische ISSN: 1468-2869
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-016-0124-z