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14.07.2020 | Original Contributions | Ausgabe 11/2020

Obesity Surgery 11/2020

The Impact of the Gastric Twist on Esophagitis Progression After Sleeve Gastrectomy: Mid-Term Endoscopic Findings

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery > Ausgabe 11/2020
Autoren:
Álvaro A. B. Ferraz, José-Tarcísio Dias da Silva, Fernando Santa-Cruz, Maria-Améllia R. Aquino, Luciana T. Siqueira, Flávio Kreimer
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

To determine the real influence of the gastric twist on the progression of esophagitis after SG, evaluating pre- and late post-operative endoscopic findings.

Material and Methods

We retrospectively included 459 patients submitted to SG between 2009 and 2019. The sample comprised patients who performed esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) at the pre-operative and late post-operative periods.

Results

Patients were mainly female (85.6%), with a mean age of 40.4 years. Mean follow-up time was 20.8 months. In the pre-operative period, 1.1% of patients had non-erosive esophagitis, 24.2% of patients had grade A erosive esophagitis, and 1.5% of patients had grade B. In the post-operative evaluation, 3.3% had non-erosive esophagitis, 14.8% presented grade A erosive esophagitis, 8.9% had grade B, and 1.3% had grade C esophagitis. There were no cases of Barrett’s esophagus. Forty-nine patients (10.7%) presented gastric twist. Comparing patients with and without gastric twist, it was possible to observe that the gastric twist group presented a higher incidence of grade C esophagitis (4.0% × 1.0%), p = 0.017. The correlation between the occurrence of gastric twist and esophagitis progression showed a prevalence ratio of 1.36 (95% CI 0.82–2.25).

Conclusions

SG is responsible for an increase in the prevalence of erosive esophagitis, and the occurrence of gastric twist definitely plays a role on it, expressing a risk of 36% for esophagitis progression and being related to a higher incidence of severe esophagitis.

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