Skip to main content
main-content

07.09.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2020

Neurological Sciences 1/2020

The impact of vascular burden on behavioural and psychological symptoms in older adults with dementia: the BEVASDE study

Zeitschrift:
Neurological Sciences > Ausgabe 1/2020
Autoren:
Raquel Manso-Calderón, Purificación Cacabelos-Pérez, María D. Sevillano-García, María E. Herrero-Prieto, Rogelio González-Sarmiento
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

Behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPS) worsen quality of life and increase institutionalization in dementia, but the relationship between BPS and vascular burden on neuroimaging is unclear. Our aim is to explore whether the profile of BPS differs between patients with large-vessel or cortical vascular dementia (cVaD), small-vessel or subcortical vascular dementia (sVaD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

Methods

The BEVASDE study comprised 806 demented patients (cVaD—136, sVaD—184, AD—486) recruited from outpatient consultations in Salamanca and Avila, Spain. The Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) and the 12-item Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) were used to evaluate dementia severity and BPS.

Results

BPS were reported in 98.5%, 97.3% and 96.9% of the cVaD, sVaD and AD cases, respectively. The median NPI score was 36 in both cVaD and sVaD and 34 in AD, with a median number of four symptoms per patient. The most frequent disorders were depression (64.4%), apathy (61.8%) and sleep disturbance (60.5%). Multivariate regression analyses after controlling for possible confounders showed a higher risk of euphoria (p = 0.011), apathy (p = 0.007), irritability (p = 0.002) and sleep disturbance (p = 0.020) in cVaD than in AD and more apathy (p = 0.0001) and irritability (p = 0.0001) in sVaD than in AD. In contrast, AD subjects had a higher risk of delusions (p = 0.007) and hallucinations (p = 0.023) than patients with cVaD as well as more aberrant motor behaviour than both cVaD (p = 0.0001) and sVaD (p = 0.003).

Conclusion

BPS are common in dementia and may help in differential diagnosis of the various subtypes. We should inquire about them and treat as necessary.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2020

Neurological Sciences 1/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Neurologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu in den Fachgebieten Neurologie und Psychiatrie