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08.11.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019

European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 3/2019

The influence of an injury prevention program on young road users: a German experience

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Michael Caspers, Bertil Bouillon, Michael Köhler, Uli Schmucker, Working Group of Injury Prevention of the German Trauma Society (DGU)

Abstract

Purpose

Trauma remains a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence on risk-taking behaviors and risk awareness on young road users by a pre–post-questionnaire.

Methods

A pre–post intervention study was performed using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contained three sections with different items (in total 22) to identify differences regarding students’ risk behavior and risk awareness. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test with significance defined as p < 0.05.

Results

The study sample contains 193 students (age 14–17, 44% male). We found significant differences for asking if a student “fastens his/her helmet’s chinstrap when driving a motorbike” (p = 0.001) and for the question “Do you wear a helmet when you go rollerblading” (p = 0.008). After attending the program, participants would decrease the use of a mobile phone while driving (p = 0.038) and the understanding of the risk “speeding” and “cycling without a helmet” significantly increased.

Conclusions

The P.A.R.T.Y. program focuses on items like “use of helmet and mobile phones” and “alcohol/drug abuse”. Evaluating the program helps to uncover vulnerabilities and to enhance important effects. Some of these items are addressed by the program, whereas some are not. It will be important to improve the program according to address topics that have not shown significant improvements, so that students learn more about the dangers and the right behavior in road traffic.

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