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Erschienen in: Annals of Behavioral Medicine 6/2016

09.06.2016 | Original Article

The Influence of Childhood Adversity on Rural Black Men’s Sexual Risk Behavior

verfasst von: PhD Steven M. Kogan, PhD Junhan Cho, PhD Assaf Oshri

Erschienen in: Annals of Behavioral Medicine | Ausgabe 6/2016

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Abstract

Background

Young Black men living in resource-poor rural environments are disproportionately affected by both adverse childhood experiences and HIV/STIs. The influence of childhood adversity on sexual risk behavior remains to be examined among this vulnerable population.

Purpose

In this study, we investigated the influence of overall adversity as well as three subcomponents, abusive parenting, parental neglect, and witnessing family violence, on men’s engagement in sexual risk behavior. We hypothesized that adverse experiences would predict engagement in sexual risk behaviors including multiple sexual partnerships, inconsistent condom use, frequent sexual activity, and concurrent substance abuse and sexual activity. We tested formally the extent to which defensive relational schemas mediated these associations.

Methods

Hypotheses were tested with data from 505 rural Black men (M age = 20.29, SD = 1.10) participating in the African American Men’s Health Project. Participants were recruited using respondent-driven sampling. Self-report data were gathered from participants via audio computer-assisted self-interviews.

Results

Bi-factor analyses revealed that, in addition to a common adversity factor, neglect independently predicted sexual risk behavior. Men’s defensive relational schemas partially mediated the influence of the common adversity factor as well as the neglect subcomponent on sexual risk behavior.

Conclusions

The present research identified a potential risk factor for sexual risk behavior in an understudied and vulnerable population. Adverse childhood experiences in general, and neglect in particular, may place many young Black men at risk for engaging in sexual risk behavior due in part to the influence of these experiences on men’s development of relational schemas characterized by defensiveness and mistrust.
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Metadaten
Titel
The Influence of Childhood Adversity on Rural Black Men’s Sexual Risk Behavior
verfasst von
PhD Steven M. Kogan
PhD Junhan Cho
PhD Assaf Oshri
Publikationsdatum
09.06.2016
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Annals of Behavioral Medicine / Ausgabe 6/2016
Print ISSN: 0883-6612
Elektronische ISSN: 1532-4796
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-016-9807-7

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