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13.10.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2019

European Journal of Applied Physiology 1/2019

The influence of knee extensor fatigue on lower extremity muscle activity during chair rise in young and older adults

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Applied Physiology > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Megan A. Bryanton, Martin Bilodeau
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Lori Ann Vallis.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate alterations in muscular effort and temporal characteristics of their activity during the sit-to-stand (STS) due to isolated fatiguing of the knee extensors, as indicated by declines in torque output.

Methods

Surface electromyography of the lower extremity was recorded in healthy young (n = 11) and older (n = 11) adults as they ascended from a seated position, before and after dynamic knee extension exercise.

Results

Knee extensor fatigue caused significant increases in soleus, gastrocnemius, and gluteus maximus relative effort (%MVC) in both age groups during the STS task. Rectus femoris %MVCs in both young and older adults significantly increased to similar extents throughout the STS movement, whereas vastus lateralis amplitudes only increased in preparation for seat-off. Muscle temporal characteristics appeared to generally be invariant with fatigue, except for earlier activation onset for the ankle musculature in older adult participants.

Conclusions

These findings demonstrate that isolated knee extension fatiguing exercise caused compensatory changes in muscle activation patterns and increased reliance of non-fatigued muscles at the ankle and hip as well as increased activity of synergist muscles during the STS. Moreover, this occurred to similar extents in older adults who had lower knee extensor strengths and greater quadriceps %MVCs in comparison to their younger counterparts, regardless of fatigue condition.

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