Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from participating in target-shooting sport in local shooting associations, as rated by parents and teachers.
This study aims at examining if, and to which extent, target-shooting sport reduces parent- and teacher-reported severity of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in children with attention difficulties, and if, and to which extend, target-shooting sport improves the children’s wellbeing and quality of life.
A mixed method approach is applied. A non-blinded, waiting list controlled study is combined with a case study, consisting of interviews and observations. The intervention consists of children practising target-shooting sport, by attending a local shooting association, once a week for six months, during regular school hours. Data from questionnaires (ADHD-RS, SDQ, Kidscreen-27), as well as a computerized continued performance test (Qb test), measure the children’s activity and attention. The study includes 50 children in an intervention group and 50 children in a waiting list control group. The Qb test collects data from at least 20 children from the intervention group and at least 20 children from the waiting list control group. Data from the questionnaires and Qb-test is collected at baseline, and six months post intervention. In addition, a case study is carried out, consisting of interviews of at least five children from the intervention group, their parents, teachers and shooting instructors. Observations are carried out, when children are in school and while they are attending the local shooting association. The case study adds to an in-depth understanding of children’s participation in target-shooting sports.
At present, little is known about the effects and influence of practising target-shooting sport for children experiencing difficulties with inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity. This study is expected to contribute to an understanding of the influence of participating in target-shooting sports on inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive symptoms, and the effects on the children’s psychological wellbeing and quality of life.
Current Controlled Trials NCT02898532. Retrospectively registered 14 September 2016.
Barkley RA. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment. New York: Guilford Publications. 2014.
Dalsgaard S, Nielsen HS, Simonsen M: Five-fold increase in national prevalence rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder medications for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and other psychiatric disorders: a Danish register-based study. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology 2013, 23(7):432-439.
Dalsgaard S, Ostergaard SD, Leckman JF, Mortensen PB, Pedersen MG. Mortality in children, adolescents, and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a nationwide cohort study. Lancet (London, England). 2015;385(9983):2190–6. CrossRef
Health NCCfM. Diagnosis and management of ADHD in children, young people and adults. NICE clinical guidelines, no. 72. Leicester: British Psychological Society (UK); 2009.
Cerrillo-Urbina AJ, Garcia-Hermoso A, Sanchez-Lopez M, Pardo-Guijarro MJ, Santos Gomez JL, Martinez-Vizcaino V. The effects of physical exercise in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials. Child Care Health Dev. 2015;41(6):779–88. CrossRefPubMed
Haydicky J, Wiener J, Badali P, Milligan K, Ducharme JM. Evaluation of a mindfulness-based intervention for adolescents with learning disabilities and co-occurring ADHD and anxiety. Mindfulness. 2012;3:151–65. CrossRef
Jeppesen A, Pensgaard A. Mental training i shooting. Norge: Stenvaag Våpencenter; 2006.
Evaluering af projekt FOKUS - ro og koncentration gennem skydeidræt. [ http://www.dgi.dk/media/7294/faerdig-evaluering-af-fokus-2012-2015.pdf]. Accessed 25 Mar 2017.
Creswell JW, Clark VP. Designing and conduction mixed Methods research. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 2011.
Yin RK. Case Study Research: Design and Methods 5. Dallas: edn: SAGE Publications, Inc; 2014.
DuPaul G, Power T, Anastopoulos A, Reid R. ADHD rating scale –IV. New York: The Guilford Press; 1998.
Barkley R, Gwenyth E, Arthur L. Defiant teens. A Clinician’s manual for assessment and family intervention. New York: The Gullford Press; 1999.
Obel C, Dalsgaard S, Stax HP, Bilenberg N. Strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ-Dan). A new instrument for psychopathologic screening of children aged 4-16 years. Ugeskr Laeger. 2003;165(5):462–5. PubMed
Ravens-Sieberer U, Gosch A, Rajmil L, Erhart M, Bruil J, Duer W, Auquier P, Power M, Abel T, Czemy L, et al. KIDSCREEN-52 quality-of-life measure for children and adolescents. Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research. 2005;5(3):353–64. CrossRef
Vogt C, Shameli A. Assessments for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: use of objective measurements. Psychiatrist. 2011;35:380–3. CrossRef
Brinkmann S, Tanggaard L: Kvalitative metoder. En grundbog., 2. udgave edn. Denmark: Hans Reitzels Forlag; 2015.
Giorgi A. The descriptive phenomenological psychological method. J Phenomenol Psychol. 2012;43(1):3–12. CrossRef
Barkley RA. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a handbook for diagnosis and treatment. 3rd ed. New York: Guilford Press; 2006.
Brock SE, Jimerson SR, Hansen RL: Identifying, assessing, and treating ADHD at school. New York: Springer; 2009.
Scheres A, Tontsch C, Thoeny AL, Sumiya M. Temporal reward discounting in children, adolescents, and emerging adults during an experiential task. Front Psychol. 2014;5
- The influence of participation in target-shooting sport for children with inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive symptoms – A controlled study of best practice
Annegrete Gohr Månsson
Kirsten K. Roessler
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Psychiatrie
Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet
Mail Icon II