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19.12.2015 | Review Article | Ausgabe 11/2016

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 11/2016

The Kölliker-Fuse nucleus: a review of animal studies and the implications for cranial nerve function in humans

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 11/2016
Autoren:
Nanna Browaldh, Tara G. Bautista, Mathias Dutschmann, Robert G. Berkowitz

Abstract

To review the scientific literature on the relationship between Kölliker-Fuse nucleus (KF) and cranial nerve function in animal models, with view to evaluating the potential role of KF maturation in explaining age-related normal physiologic parameters and developmental and acquired impairment of cranial nerve function in humans. Medical databases (Medline and PubMed). Studies investigating evidence of KF activity responsible for a specific cranial nerve function that were based on manipulation of KF activity or the use of neural markers were included. Twenty studies were identified that involved the trigeminal (6 studies), vagus (9), and hypoglossal nerves (5). These pertained specifically to a role of the KF in mediating the dive reflex, laryngeal adductor control, swallowing function and upper airway tone. The KF acts as a mediator of a number of important functions that relate primarily to laryngeal closure, upper airway tone and swallowing. These areas are characterized by a variety of disorders that may present to the otolaryngologist, and hence the importance of understanding the role played by the KF in maintaining normal function.

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