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22.01.2019 | Meta Analysis | Ausgabe 3/2019

Endocrine 3/2019

The long-term prognosis of heart diseases for different metabolic phenotypes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Zeitschrift:
Endocrine > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Atieh Mirzababaei, Kurosh Djafarian, Hadis Mozafari, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
Wichtige Hinweise

Supplementary information

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12020-019-01840-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

This meta-analysis aimed to assess the association of different categories of weight and metabolic status with risk of heart diseases including myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and heart failure (HF).

Methods

Data from relevant studies were identified systematically by searching PubMed and Scopus search engines up to 29 May 2018. Prospective studies were included in the analyses with metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW) as the reference. Pooled RRs and 95% CI were calculated using random-effects or fixed-effect models when appropriate. Subgroup analysis was applied to define possible sources of heterogeneity.

Results

Overall, 21 studies (n = 778,401 participants) were eligible for the present meta-analysis. Generally, the risk of CVDs for all metabolic phenotypes in metabolically unhealthy obese increased compared with the MHNW group. A significant positive association between all metabolic phenotypes and the risk of HF was also observed expect for MHOW (RR = 1.10, 95% CI: 0.60–2.00, P = 0.76) and MHO phenotypes (RR = 0.96, 95% CI: 0.25–3.77, P = 0.95). Moreover, MUHO phenotype was associated with greater risk of MI compared with the MHNW phenotype (RR = 1.82, 95% CI: 1.50–2.22, P < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions

Our findings showed that all metabolically unhealthy phenotypes in different categories of weight were associated with increased incident of CVDs/HF and MI. Furthermore, healthy overweight and obese subjects had increased risk of CVDs.

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