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27.02.2019 | KNEE

The medial epicondyle of the distal femur is the optimal location for MRI measurement of semitendinosus and gracilis tendon cross-sectional area

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Autoren:
Clayton T. Hodges, Trevor J. Shelton, Cyrus P. Bateni, Stephen S. Henrichon, Alton W. Skaggs, Robert D. Boutin, Cassandra A. Lee, Brian M. Haus, Richard A. Marder
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Abstract

Purpose

Graft diameter ≥ 8 mm reduces the risk of failure after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ALCR) with hamstring tendon autograft. Pre-operative measurement of gracilis (GT) and semitendinosus (ST) cross-sectional area using MRI has been utilized but the optimal location for measurement is unknown. The main purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional areas of GT + ST at different locations and develop a model to predict whether a doubled hamstring graft of GT + ST will be of sufficient cross-sectional area for ACLR.

Methods

A retrospective review was performed of 154 patients who underwent primary ACLR using doubled hamstring autograft. Cross-sectional area measurements of GT + ST on pre-operative MRI axial images were made at three locations: medial epicondyle (ME), tibiofemoral joint line (TJL), and tibial physeal scar (TPS) and calculated the correlation of intra-operative graft size for each location using the Pearson’s correlation coefficient. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) established a threshold that would predict graft diameter ≥ 8 mm.

Results

Measurement of GT + ST at the ME had a stronger correlation (r = 0.389) to intra-operative graft diameter than measurements at the TJL (r = 0.256) or TPS (r = 0.240). The ROC indicated good predictive value for hamstring graft diameter ≥ 8 mm based on MRI measurement at the ME with the optimal threshold with the highest sensitivity and specificity as 18 mm2.

Conclusion

Cross-sectional area measurement of GT + ST at the ME correlated most closely to intra-operative diameter of a doubled hamstring autograft compared to measurements at the TJL or the TPS. As graft diameter < 8 mm is correlated with higher failure rates of ACL surgery, the ability to pre-operatively predict graft diameter is clinically useful.

Level of evidence

Level III, prognostic study.

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