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01.09.2009 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 5/2009

Basic Research in Cardiology 5/2009

The metabolic modulators, Etomoxir and NVP-LAB121, fail to reverse pressure overload induced heart failure in vivo

Zeitschrift:
Basic Research in Cardiology > Ausgabe 5/2009
Autoren:
Michael Schwarzer, Gloria Faerber, Tilmann Rueckauer, Daniel Blum, Gracjan Pytel, Friedrich W. Mohr, Torsten Doenst

Abstract

Shifting substrate oxidation in heart muscle from fatty acids to glucose (substrate-switch) may improve contractile function in heart failure. We tested whether application of two agents (etomoxir and NVP-LAB121) capable of inducing a substrate-switch reverts the onset of heart failure in rats with chronic pressure-overload. Hypertrophy was induced by aortic banding in rats for 1 or 15 weeks. Rats were treated for 10 days with the CPT-1-inhibitor etomoxir [29.5 μmol/(kg day)] or with NVP-LAB121 [60 μmol/(kg day)], a pyruvate-dehydrogenase-kinase-inhibitor, before assessment by echocardiography and perfusion as isolated working hearts. We also analyzed PDH- and CPT1-activity and expression of α- and β-MHC by RT-PCR. Aortic banding increased heart-to-body-weight-ratio (g/kg) from 3.44 ± 0.26 to 4.14 ± 0.48 after 1 week and from 2.80 ± 0.21 to 6.54 ± 0.26 after 15 weeks. Ejection fraction was impaired after 15 weeks (57 ± 11 vs. 73 ± 8%, P < 0.05) and rats exhibited signs of heart failure. Total PDH activity was the same in all groups. CPT-1 activity was unchanged after 1 week but decreased after 15 weeks (P < 0.01). Neither etomoxir nor NVP-LAB121 affected cardiac function in vivo, but etomoxir improved function of the isolated heart. The drugs did not affect total PDH and CPT-1 activity, but increased PDH-activity status, prevented a decrease in PDK4 expression in heart failure, increased α and β-MHC expression and shifted substrate oxidation toward glucose in the isolated working rat heart. In conclusion, pharmacologic induction of substrate-switching is associated with changes in myofibrillar isoform expression but does not reverse heart failure in vivo. The improvement of function in vitro deserves further investigation.

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