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29.05.2018 | Review | Ausgabe 6/2018

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 6/2018

The occupational risk of Helicobacter pylori infection: a systematic review

Zeitschrift:
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Hassan Kheyre, Samantha Morais, Ana Ferro, Ana Rute Costa, Pedro Norton, Nuno Lunet, Bárbara Peleteiro
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00420-018-1315-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this systematic review was to describe the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in specific occupational groups and to compare them with the general population.

Methods

We searched PubMed® to identify original studies reporting the prevalence of H. pylori infection in occupational groups. The differences between occupational groups and the general population were analyzed taking into account the direction and statistical significance of the differences observed when comparing each occupational group with a reference group (either recruited in the same study or using an external comparator).

Results

A total of 98 studies addressing the prevalence of H. pylori infection in occupational groups were included in the systematic review. Overall, health professionals showed a significantly higher prevalence of H. pylori infection than the general population, especially among those working at gastrointestinal units. Similar results were found in subjects involved in agricultural, forestry and fishery, as well as in sewage workers, miners, and workers at institutions for the intellectually disabled, although differences were less pronounced.

Conclusions

Our results show an occupational risk of H. pylori infection supporting the role of oral–oral, fecal–oral, and zoonotic transmission. Studies comparing specific occupational groups with adequate comparators may contribute to better identify groups at higher risk of infection. The recognition of this infection as an occupational disease would result in early detection and treatment, as well as prevention and control of its transmission in workplaces.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 369 KB)
420_2018_1315_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 171 KB)
420_2018_1315_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
Literatur
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