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10.02.2020 | Peritoneal Surface Malignancy

The Pathologic Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) Strongly Differs From the Surgical PCI in Peritoneal Metastases Arising From Various Primary Tumors

Annals of Surgical Oncology
MS, MCh Aditi Bhatt, MD, PhD Yutaka Yonemura, DNB Sanket Mehta, MD, PhD Nazim Benzerdjeb, MS, MCh Praveen Kammar, MD Loma Parikh, MS, MCh Aruna Prabhu, MD Suniti Mishra, MD Mita Shah, BHMS Sakina Shaikh, MD Vahan Kepenekian, MD Isabelle Bonnefoy, MS, MCh Mahesh D. Patel, MD, PhD Sylvie Isaac, MD, PhD Olivier Glehen
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1245/​s10434-020-08234-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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The surgical peritoneal cancer index (sPCI) is calculated based on a subjective evaluation of the extent of peritoneal disease during surgery. The pathologic PCI (pPCI) may be a more accurate and objective method for determining the PCI. This study aimed to compare the sPCI and pPCI and to study the potential pitfalls and clinical implications of using the pPCI.


This prospective study (July to December 2018) included all patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery (CRS). The pPCI was calculated for each patient and compared with the sPCI. The impact of potential confounding factors on the difference between pPCI and sPCI was evaluated.


Among 191 patients undergoing CRS at four centers, the pPCI and sPCI were concordant for 37 patients (19.3%). The pPCI was lower than the sPCI for 125 patients (65.4%) and higher for 29 patients (15.1%). The concordance between the two groups was maximum for gastric cancer (38.8%) and colorectal cancer (27.6%) and least for mesothelioma (6.7%) and rare primary tumors (5.6%) (p = 0.04). The difference was 0 to 3 points for 119 patients (62.3%), 4 to 5 points for 27 patients (14.1%), and more than 5 points for 45 patients (23.5%). The rate of concordance was not influenced by the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) (p = 0.4), but the difference was greater when NACT was used (p = 0.03).


The pPCI strongly differs from the sPCI for patients undergoing CRS for peritoneal disease and may provide a more accurate evaluation of the peritoneal disease extent. Further studies are needed to determine its prognostic value compared with sPCI, and consensus guidelines are needed for calculating it.

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