Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 1/2015

The potential risk of spinal cord injury from pedicle screw at the apex of adolescent idiopathic thoracic scoliosis: magnetic resonance imaging evaluation

Zeitschrift:
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Shoufeng Wang, Yong Qiu, Wenjun Liu, Benlong Shi, Bin Wang, Yang Yu, Zezhang Zhu, Bangping Qian, Feng Zhu, Xu Sun
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare no conflict of interest. No benefits in any form have been or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.

Authors’ contributions

SW drafted the manuscript. YQ participated in the design of the study. BQ, ZZ performed the statistical analysis. BW, YY, FZ, XS conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination. WL, BS participate the measurement of data. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

The pedicle screw placement in scoliosis correction at the apex underlies potential risk for neurological injury. This research is to investigate the relative position of spinal cord at the apex in idiopathic thoracic scoliosis and to explore the risk of spinal cord injury from pedicle screw at the apex.

Methods

Thirty-three adolescents with thoracic scoliosis were recruited in this study. The relative position of the spinal cord in the spinal canal was calculated by measuring the distance between the spinal cord and the medial wall of the pedicle on the convex and concave side through the axial plane of the apex in T2 weighted MR image. The distance from the spinal cord to the medial wall of pedicle between concave and convex side was compared respectively. The percentage of patients was calculated according to hypothesized different space (0 mm, less than 1 mm and less than 2 mm) between medial wall of pedicle and spinal cord at the apex.

Results

The average distance from the spinal cord to the medial wall of pedicle at the concave side was significantly less than that at the convex side (p = 0.000) of the apex in the major thoracic curves before operation. In the concave side of the apex, the percentage of patients was 39.4, 66.7, 84. 5 % in hypothesized space (0 mm, less than 1 mm and less than 2 mm) between medial wall of pedicle and spinal cord. However, in the convex side of apex, the percentage of cases was 0, 0, 3.0 % in the same hypothesized space respectively.

Conclusions

The screw placement is at a higher risk of spinal cord injury on the concave side than that on the convex side of apex in thoracic curve in MRI images. The screw placement in the concave side of apex should be evaluated carefully with MRI before operation.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2015

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 1/2015 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise