01.10.2021 | Sleep Breathing Physiology and Disorders • Original Article
The predictive value of drug-induced sleep endoscopy for treatment success with a mandibular advancement device or positional therapy for patients with obstructive sleep apnea
P. F. N. Bosschieter, P. E. Vonk, N. de Vries
Sleep and Breathing
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As drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) can provide additional diagnostic information on collapse patterns of the upper-airway, it is widely used in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although more controversial, DISE may also predict the success of treatment with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) and/or positional therapy (PT). In 2018, we proposed a prediction model to investigate the predictive value of passive maneuvers during DISE — such as jaw thrust and changes in body position — on upper-airway patency. Based on the outcomes of various studies, we then adjusted our DISE protocol to better mimic the effect of a MAD, PT, or a combination of both. The aim of this study was to verify whether or not our adjustments would increase the value of DISE as a selection tool.
This single-center retrospective cohort study involved a consecutive series of patients with OSA. Patients were included if a DISE had been performed in supine and non-supine sleeping position and with and without a boil-and-bite MAD in situ between December 2018 and February 2020. The VOTE scoring system was used to evaluate the obstruction at four levels of the upper-airway.
Among 94 patients included. the median apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) was 16.2 (events/h). As a temporary MAD during DISE reduced obstruction by 54% and jaw thrust by 57%, both mimicked the effect of the custom-made MADs referred to in the literature, which reduces the AHI by 60%. Head-and-trunk rotation reduced obstruction by 55% and thus mimicked the effect of PT, which is known to reduce the AHI by 50%.
A jaw thrust, a temporary MAD, and head-and-trunk rotation during DISE all seem to mimic the treatment effects of MAD and PT. These findings may be of added value when choosing OSA treatment. To prove the predictive value of these maneuvers during DISE, a prospective study should be performed.