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14.06.2016 | Original Contribution | Ausgabe 4/2017

European Journal of Nutrition 4/2017

The pro-/anti-inflammatory effects of different fatty acids on visceral adipocytes are partially mediated by GPR120

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Nutrition > Ausgabe 4/2017
Autoren:
Francisca Rodriguez-Pacheco, Carolina Gutierrez-Repiso, Sara Garcia-Serrano, Miguel A. Alaminos-Castillo, Ailec Ho-Plagaro, Sergio Valdes, Juan Garcia-Arnes, Montserrat Gonzalo, Raul J. Andrade, Francisco J. Moreno-Ruiz, Alberto Rodriguez-Cañete, Abelardo Martinez-Ferriz, Eduardo Garcia-Fuentes
Wichtige Hinweise
Francisca Rodriguez-Pacheco and Carolina Gutierrez-Repiso have contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Purpose

This study examines whether G-protein coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) is involved in the pro-/anti-inflammatory effects of different types of fatty acids (FAs) in human visceral adipocytes, and whether these effects may be altered in obesity, a state with a chronic inflammation.

Methods

Pro-/anti-inflammatory effects of palmitic, oleic, linoleic and docosahexaenoic acids on human visceral adipocytes were tested in mature adipocytes from non-obese and morbidly obese (MO) subjects. Also, the effects of these FAs were tested when the GPR120 gene was silenced.

Results

In adipocytes from non-obese subjects, palmitic and linoleic acids increased TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression (p < 0.05), and decreased IL-10 and adiponectin expression (p < 0.05). However, oleic and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) produced the opposite effect (p < 0.05). In adipocytes from MO subjects, all FAs used increased TNF-α and IL-6 expression (p < 0.05). Palmitic and linoleic acids decreased IL-10 and adiponectin expression (p < 0.05), but oleic acid and DHA did not have significant effects. Only oleic acid increased adiponectin expression (p < 0.05). The effects of FAs on TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and adiponectin expression in non-obese and MO subjects were significantly annulled when the GPR120 gene was silenced in visceral adipocytes differentiated from human mesenchymal stem cells.

Conclusions

FAs are capable of directly acting on visceral adipocytes to modulate differently TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and adiponectin expression, with a different and greater effect in MO subjects. These effects are largely annulled when GPR120 expression was silenced, which suggests that they could be mediated by GPR120.

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Literatur
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