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01.03.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2018

Surgery Today 3/2018

The prognostic significance of inflammation-based markers in patients with recurrent gastric cancer

Zeitschrift:
Surgery Today > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Kazuhiro Migita, Sohei Matsumoto, Kohei Wakatsuki, Masahiro Ito, Tomohiro Kunishige, Hiroshi Nakade, Mutsuko Kitano, Mitsuhiro Nakatani, Masayuki Sho

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of inflammation-based markers, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), in patients with recurrent gastric cancer (RGC).

Methods

This study reviewed 167 patients with RGC. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was performed to determine the NLR and PNI cutoff values. The prognostic significance of the NLR and PNI was evaluated by a multivariate analysis.

Results

The optimal NLR and PNI cutoff values for predicting the 1-year survival after recurrence were 2.2 and 47, respectively. A univariate analysis revealed that the NLR (p < 0.001) and PNI (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with the survival time after recurrence, along with the histology, peritoneal recurrence, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, and chemotherapy for recurrence. In the multivariate analysis, a higher NLR (p < 0.001) and a lower PNI (p = 0.002) were independent predictors of a shorter survival time. Among the patients who underwent chemotherapy, the NLR and PNI were also independent prognostic factors.

Conclusions

Inflammation-based markers, including the NLR and PNI, are simple and useful clinical biomarkers that can be used to predict the survival time of patients with RGC.

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