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22.02.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2018

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 3/2018

The Relationship Between Patients’ Personality Traits and Breast Reconstruction Process

Zeitschrift:
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Sandra Faragó-Magrini, Cristina Aubá, Cristina Camargo, Carmen Laspra, Bernardo Hontanilla

Abstract

Background

Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is a part of breast cancer treatment. There is a lack of data regarding the impact of reconstruction over psychological traits and quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate personality changes in patients who underwent reconstructive surgery.

Methods

Thirty-seven women underwent breast reconstruction. These women took the Crown-Crisp Experiential Index before and after the different procedures. The questionnaire analyzes: (a) the satisfaction level with personal relationships before and after surgery, and the level of satisfaction with surgical results and (b) personality index. Comparisons of preoperative and postoperative personality traits were made by using the Crown-Crisp test and analyzed by Chi-square test. Correlations between preoperative concerns and CCEI traits and correlations between physical aspects and Crown-Crisp, both preoperatively and postoperatively, were performed using the Spearman test.

Results

We found statistically significant differences in the following traits: anxiety anticipating possible technique failures (p = 0.01); cancer recurrence (p = 0.04); dissatisfaction with results (p = 0.02); phobic anxiety for possible technique failure (p = 0.03); obsessionality with possible technique failure (p = 0.01); preoccupations around cancer recurrence (p = 0.01) and dissatisfaction with results (p = 0.03); somatic of technique failure (p = 0.05); and finally, depression and hysteria traits in response to surgical procedures except anesthesia.

Conclusion

This prospective study suggests that personality traits define perceptions of body image, which has an influence over quality of life and satisfaction with results.

Level of Evidence IV

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

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