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18.04.2018 | Retinal Disorders | Ausgabe 6/2018

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 6/2018

The relationship between the central serous chorioretinopathy, choroidal thickness, and serum hormone levels

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Emine Çiloğlu, Fikret Unal, Nese Cetin Dogan

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study were to compare the levels of serum cortisol, aldosterone, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and renin hormone between patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and a control group, and to investigate whether there was a difference regarding serum hormone levels in patients with acute/chronic CSC.

Methods

This prospective study included 30 CSC eyes, 30 fellow eyes, and 32 normal eyes of 32 healthy volunteers who were age and sex matched. The patients were classified as acute or chronic depending on the clinical, fluorescein angiography (FFA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings. Serum cortisol, aldosterone, renin, total testosterone, and DHEA levels were measured. The levels of hormones were compared with the values of the control group. Choroidal thickness and central macular thickness were measured with spectral domain OCT.

Results

Fifteen patients had acute CSC, and 15 patients had chronic CSC. Serum testosterone levels were 357 ± 10.4 ng/ml in the CSC group, and 255.94 ± 7.43 ng/ml in the control group. The difference between them was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The difference between the levels of cortisol, renin, aldosterone, and DHEA was not statistically significant. Serum hormone levels were within the normal range for all patients and were not statistically different between the acute and chronic CSC groups.

Conclusion

According to our results, CSC is related to elevated total testosterone levels. Testosterone may play a role in predisposing males to CSC.

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