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18.08.2017 | Knee | Ausgabe 2/2018

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2/2018

The remnant preservation technique reduces the amount of bone tunnel enlargement following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Shinya Yanagisawa, Masashi Kimura, Keiichi Hagiwara, Atsuko Ogoshi, Tomoyuki Nakagawa, Hiroyuki Shiozawa, Takashi Ohsawa, Hirotaka Chikuda

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between postoperative tunnel enlargement after ACLR and remnant tissue preservation using the hamstring tendon.

Methods

One hundred and ninety-two subjects (male, n = 101; female, n = 91; mean age 27.1) who had undergone double-bundle ACL reconstruction were included in the present study. The patients were divided into two groups: the remnant tissue preservation group (Group R) and the non-remnant tissue preservation group (Group N). Computed tomographic scans of the operated knee were obtained at 2 weeks and 6 months after surgery. The area of the tunnel aperture for the anteromedial femoral tunnel (FAMT), posterolateral femoral tunnel (FPLT), anteromedial tibial tunnel (TAMT), and posterolateral tibial tunnel (TPLT) was measured. The area at 2 weeks after ACLR was subtracted from the area at 6 months after ACLR and then divided by the area at 2 weeks after ACLR. The differences in the outcomes and characteristics of the two groups were evaluated.

Results

Seventy-seven knees were classified into Group R, and 115 knees were classified into Group N. The age, gender, and body mass index did not differ to a statistically significant extent. The percentages of FAMT and TAMT enlargement in Group R were significantly smaller in comparison with Group N (P = 0.003 and P = 0.03, respectively). The percentage of FPLT and TPLT enlargement in the two groups did not differ to a statistically significant extent.

Conclusion

The remnant-preserving technique reduces the amount of bone tunnel enlargement. The present findings indicate the advantages of the remnant-preserving ACLR technique, and therefore the remnant-preserving technique should be recommended.

Level of evidence

II.

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