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28.05.2019 | Original Research | Ausgabe 2/2020 Open Access

Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 2/2020

The response of a standardized fluid challenge during cardiac surgery on cerebral oxygen saturation measured with near-infrared spectroscopy

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing > Ausgabe 2/2020
Autoren:
Frederik Holmgaard, Simon T. Vistisen, Hanne B. Ravn, Thomas W. L. Scheeren
Wichtige Hinweise

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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10877-019-00324-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used to evaluate regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (ScO2) during the last decades. Perioperative management algorithms advocate to maintain ScO2, by maintaining or increasing cardiac output (CO), e.g. with fluid infusion. We hypothesized that ScO2 would increase in responders to a standardized fluid challenge (FC) and that the relative changes in CO and ScO2 would correlate. This study is a retrospective substudy of the FLuid Responsiveness Prediction Using Extra Systoles (FLEX) trial. In the FLEX trial, patients were administered two standardized FCs (5 mL/kg ideal body weight each) during cardiac surgery. NIRS monitoring was used during the intraoperative period and CO was monitored continuously. Patients were considered responders if stroke volume increased more than 10% following FC. Datasets from 29 non-responders and 27 responders to FC were available for analysis. Relative changes of ScO2 did not change significantly in non-responders (mean difference − 0.3% ± 2.3%, p = 0.534) or in fluid responders (mean difference 1.6% ± 4.6%, p = 0.088). Relative changes in CO and ScO2 correlated significantly, p = 0.027. Increasing CO by fluid did not change cerebral oxygenation. Despite this, relative changes in CO correlated to relative changes in ScO2. However, the clinical impact of the present observations is unclear, and the results must be interpreted with caution.
Trial registration:http://​ClinicalTrial.​gov identifier for main study (FLuid Responsiveness Prediction Using Extra Systoles—FLEX): NCT03002129.

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