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04.05.2018

The Role of Mindfulness in the Insomnia Severity of Female Chronic Hypnotic Users

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Autoren:
Daniela Curado, Viviam Barros, Emérita Opaleye, Sarah Bowen, Helena Hachul, Ana Regina Noto

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate dispositional mindfulness, psychiatric symptoms, and their relationship with insomnia severity among female chronic hypnotic users.

Methods

Observational, cross-sectional study, including 76 women with chronic hypnotic use. Participants completed several self-report questionnaires: sociodemographic characteristics, depressive symptoms (CES-D), anxiety levels (STAI-T), dispositional mindfulness (FFMQ), and insomnia severity (ISI). Exploratory linear regression models were used to identify factors related to insomnia severity.

Results

Multiple linear regression models showed that, for the total sample (N = 76), age (B = − 0.14, p = 0.003), depressive symptoms (B = 0.16, p = 0.005), and the mindfulness facets “observe” (B = 0.21. p = 0.013) and “act with awareness—auto pilot” (B = − 0.48, p = 0.017) were correlated to insomnia severity.

Conclusion

Results confirm a relationship between mindfulness and insomnia among female chronic hypnotic users, specifically regarding the ability to observe and act with awareness. A higher score on the “observe” facet was positively correlated with insomnia. This may be because the skill of observing itself, isolated from other mindfulness precepts, does not provide sufficient strategies to cope with the observed discomfort. Increased “acting with awareness—autopilot” was negatively correlated with insomnia severity, arguably because it stimulates breaking automatic patterns of thoughts and behaviors that contribute to the perpetuation of the insomnia cycle.

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