Skip to main content
main-content

23.11.2016 | Short Communication | Ausgabe 5/2017

International Journal of Colorectal Disease 5/2017

The role of single-shot metronidazole in the prevention of Clostridium difficile infection following ileostomy reversal surgery

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Colorectal Disease > Ausgabe 5/2017
Autoren:
Roland Fernandes, Paul Robinson, Karan Rangarajan, Sophie Scott, Laura Angco

Abstract

Purpose

Symptomatic infection with Clostridium difficile is strongly linked to antibiotic use and rates are higher for colorectal surgery. In February 2015, trust policy for antibiotic prophylaxis of ileostomy reversal surgery was changed from three doses of metronidazole plus cefuroxime to single-dose metronidazole, in a bid to reduce rates of Clostridium difficile infection.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single, large hospital trust between February 2014 and February 2016, before and after change in antimicrobial policy. Theatre data, clinical notes and pathology results were all reviewed. Outcome data, patient age, gender, length of operation and hospital stay were extracted.

Results

One hundred three patients underwent ileostomy reversal surgery between February 2014 and February 2015. All received cefuroxime together with metronidazole at induction of anaesthesia followed by two further post-operative doses as operative prophylaxis. Ninety-six patients underwent ileostomy reversal surgery between February 2015 and February 2016. All received single-dose metronidazole at induction as prophylaxis. Post-operative diarrhoea was significantly reduced in patients given single-dose metronidazole compared with patients managed with multiple dose, dual antibiotic therapy (32 vs 12.5%, P 0.001). Rates of CDI were also significantly reduced in patients given single-dose metronidazole (6.8 vs 1%, P 0.038).

Conclusions

Single-dose, pre-operative metronidazole is effective at reducing post-operative diarrhoea and CDI in ileostomy reversal surgery compared with multiple-dose cefuroxime plus metronidazole. Metronidazole may be effective as a prophylactic antibiotic against CDI in colonic surgery.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2017

International Journal of Colorectal Disease 5/2017 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise