13.11.2017 | Original Article
The role of the neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the CRP:albumin ratio (CAR) in predicting mortality following emergency laparotomy in the over 80 age group
G. Simpson, R. Saunders, J. Wilson, C. Magee
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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Emergency laparotomy in the elderly is an increasingly common procedure which carries high morbidity and mortality. Risk prediction tools, although imperfect, can help guide management decisions. Novel markers of surgical outcomes may contribute to these scoring systems. The neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and CRP:albumin ratio (CAR) have been associated with outcomes in malignancy and sepsis. We assessed the use of ratio NLR and CAR as prognostic indicators in patients over the age of 80 undergoing emergency laparotomy.
A retrospective analysis of all patients over the age of 80 who underwent emergency laparotomy during a 3 year period was conducted. Pre and post-operative NLR and CAR were assessed in relation to outcome measures including inpatient, 30-day and 90-day mortality. Statistical analysis was conducted with Mann–Whitney U, receiver operating characteristics, Spearmans rank correlation coefficient and chi-squared tests.
One hundred and thirty-six patients over the age of 80 underwent emergency laparotomy. Median age was 84 years (range 80–96 years). Overall inpatient mortality was 19.2%. Pre-operative and post-operative NLR and CAR were significantly raised in patients with sepsis v no sepsis (p < 0.05). Pre-operative NLR was significantly associated with inpatient (p = 0.046), 30-day (p = 0.02) and 90-day mortality (p = 0.01) in patients with visceral perforation. A pre-operative NLR value of greater than 8 was associated with significantly increased mortality (p = 0.016, AUC:0.78). CAR was not associated with mortality.
Pre-operative NLR is associated with mortality in patients with visceral perforation undergoing emergency laparotomy. NLR > 8 is associated with a poorer outcome in this group of patients. CAR was not associated with mortality in over-80s undergoing emergency laparotomy.