NDB’s employing organisation provides IT support to GlaxoSmithKline. He has received educational grants and speaker’s fees from GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis, and support for attending educational conferences from Boehringer Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis. AW has acted on advisory boards and provided consultancy for Almirall, Chiesi, Cytos and GlaxoSmithKline. He has received travel support to speak at an international meeting from Boehringer Ingelheim and GlaxoSmithKline. He is an investigator on cough and asthma studies for Afferent and GlaxoSmithKline. JPN has received consulting and speaker’s fees, and an educational grant from GlaxoSmithKline. MG’s institution has received funding from GlaxoSmithKline as the SLS study sponsor. WW is an employee of, and holds shares/stock options in, GlaxoSmithKline. DL is an employee of, and holds shares/stock options in, GlaxoSmithKline. JV has received travel support and consultancy fees from GlaxoSmithKline (related to the SLS study); in addition, he has received consultancy fees from Almirall, AstraZeneca, Bioxydyn, Chiesi, GlaxoSmithKline (outside the SLS study), Novartis, Syntaxin and Takeda (Nycomed), and speaker’s fees from AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis and Takeda (Nycomed). His wife has previously worked for AstraZeneca, Ferring and GlaxoSmithKline (until 2009).
AW: led with DL on the initial design, implementation, discussions with regulatory authorities, and ethics application, co-chairs the trial governance committee, member of trial science committee. NDB: involved in the setting up of the Salford Lung Study and in developing clinical safety alerting system. JPN: involved with setting up the study and protocol, and led the development of the information technology platform used to deliver the Salford Lung Study. JMG: involved in the design, set up and technical infrastructure that supports the Salford Lung Study. WW: was the author of section 8 of the study protocol, Data Analysis and Statistical Considerations, and a contributing author for the other sections of the study protocol. JV: involved with the development of the Salford Lung Study real-world trial. DL: conceived concept for the real-world trial, and involved in setting up the Salford Lung Study, co-wrote the protocol, set up the operational model, co-led on ethics, regulatory submissions and co-chairs the study governance board. All authors contributed equally to the preparation of this paper, including development of the outline, review of all drafts, final approval and decision to submit the manuscript to BMC Pulmonary Medicine. Information for this paper was based on the authors’ personal knowledge and relevant published journal articles.
Novel therapies need to be evaluated in normal clinical practice to allow a true representation of the treatment effectiveness in real-world settings.
The Salford Lung Study is a pragmatic randomised controlled trial in adult asthma, evaluating the clinical effectiveness and safety of once-daily fluticasone furoate (100 μg or 200 μg)/vilanterol 25 μg in a novel dry-powder inhaler, versus existing asthma maintenance therapy. The study was initiated before this investigational treatment was licensed and conducted in real-world clinical practice to consider adherence, co-morbidities, polypharmacy, and real-world factors. Primary endpoint: Asthma Control Test at week 24; safety endpoints include the incidence of serious pneumonias. The study utilises the Salford electronic medical record, which allows near to real-time collection and monitoring of safety data.
The Salford Lung Study is the world’s first pragmatic randomised controlled trial of a pre-licensed medication in asthma. Use of patients’ linked electronic health records to collect clinical endpoints offers minimal disruption to patients and investigators, and also ensures patient safety. This highly innovative study will complement standard double-blind randomised controlled trials in order to improve our understanding of the risk/benefit profile of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol in patients with asthma in real-world settings.
Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01706198; 04 October 2012.
Busse WW, O'Byrne PM, Bleecker ER, Lotvall J, Woodcock A, Andersen L, et al. Safety and tolerability of the novel inhaled corticosteroid fluticasone furoate in combination with the beta2 agonist vilanterol administered once daily for 52 weeks in patients > =12 years old with asthma: a randomised trial. Thorax. 2013;68:513–20. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
New JP, Bakerly ND, Leather D, Woodcock A: Obtaining real-world evidence: the Salford Lung Study. Thorax 2014;69:1152–4.
Chan AW, Tetzlaff JM, Altman DG, Laupacis A, Gotzsche PC, Krleza-Jeric K, et al. SPIRIT 2013 statement: defining standard protocol items for clinical trials. Ann Intern Med. 2013;2013(158):200–7. CrossRef
Northwest EHealth: Website. [ www.nweh.org.uk].
Reddel HK, Taylor DR, Bateman ED, Boulet LP, Boushey HA, Busse WW, et al. An official American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society statement: asthma control and exacerbations: standardizing endpoints for clinical asthma trials and clinical practice. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009;180:59–99. CrossRefPubMed
- The Salford Lung Study protocol: a pragmatic, randomised phase III real-world effectiveness trial in asthma
Nawar Diar Bakerly
John P. New
J. Martin Gibson
- BioMed Central
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