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07.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2018

Heart and Vessels 11/2018

The seamless integration of three-dimensional rotational angiography images into electroanatomical mapping systems to guide catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation

Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 11/2018
Satoshi Fujita, Eitaro Fujii, Yoshihiko Kagawa, Katsuhiro Inoue, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Masaaki Ito


It is important to visually confirm radiofrequency ablation lesions during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation for procedural efficiency, which requires the integration of a three-dimensional (3D) left atrial image reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) or a magnetic resonance imaging. However, an EP Navigator allows seamless integration of 3D anatomy obtained through 3D rotational angiography (3D-ATG) into an electroanatomical mapping system. We hypothesized that 3D-ATG can be used during AF ablation while significantly reducing the effective dose (ED) and without compromising image morphology compared to a 3D-CT image. Organ dose was measured at 37 points with a radiophotoluminescence glass dosimeter inserted in an anthropomorphic Rando Phantom. The ED was calculated by multiplying the organ dose by the tissue weighting factor. The dose-area product (DAP)-to-ED conversion factor was calculated by measuring the DAP during radiation exposure. The ED for the CT examination was estimated from the dose-length product with a conversion factor of 0.014. ED was calculated from DAP measurements in 114 patients undergoing AF ablation using 3D-ATG. The DAP-to-ED conversion factor for 3D-ATG was 2.4 × 10−4 mSv/mGy cm2 in our hospital. The mean DAP for all patients was 7777 ± 1488 mGy cm2 for the 3D-ATG of the left atrium. The corresponding ED for 3D-ATG was 1.9 ± 0.4 mSv. The ED for CT examinations was 13.6 ± 4.2 mSv (P < 0.001). 3D-ATG can be used during AF ablation while significantly reducing the ED and without compromising image morphology.

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