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16.05.2019 | Original Article

Thenar Muscle Oxygen Saturation Using Vascular Occlusion Test: A Novel Technique to Study Microcirculatory Abnormalities in Pediatric Heart Failure Patients

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology
Autoren:
Ravi Shankar Samraj, Dalia Lopez-Colon, Maria Kerrigan, Frederick J. Fricker, Biagio A. Pietra, Mark Bleiweis, Dipankar Gupta
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Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is associated with microcirculatory changes secondary to neuro-humoral imbalance, vascular stiffness and increased sympathetic tone. Near Infra-Red Spectroscopy (NIRS) derived Thenar muscle tissue oxygenation levels (StO2) can provide an estimate of the functional status of microcirculation. There is a paucity of literature regarding evaluation of microcirculation in pediatric subjects with HF. We hypothesized that microcirculation and oxygen saturation dynamics as assessed by Thenar StO2 levels using vascular occlusion test (VOT) would be altered in HF subjects and that these changes may correlate with the severity of heart failure. We prospectively enrolled 60 pediatric subjects (29 healthy control, 31 HF). Baseline StO2 levels were measured using InSpectra™ StO2 probe placed over the Thenar eminence of right hand, followed by a VOT for 3 min, during which the changes in StO2 levels during the occlusion phase and post occlusion phase were recorded. Baseline Thenar StO2 levels (72 ± 8 vs 76 ± 5, p = 0.02) and time to baseline StO2 in seconds (150 ± 70 vs 200 ± 70, p = 0.007) were significantly lower in HF group compared to healthy control (HC). In addition, HF patients had a significantly lower trough StO2 (37 ± 9 vs 42 ± 11%, p =  0.04) and peak StO2 compared to HC (87 ± 8 vs 91 ± 5%, p = 0.01). However, there was no difference in the rate of desaturation, rate of resaturation or time to peak StO2 levels in between the 2 groups. Significant correlation was present between baseline Thenar StO2 levels and NYU Pediatric Heart Failure Index Score (NYU-PHFI) (p = 0.003). This study is the first to report an objective assessment of microcirculation and Thenar tissue oxygen dynamics in pediatric subjects with HF in comparison with HC. Our study suggests altered microcirculation and oxygenation patterns in these subjects as well as correlation with a validated pediatric heart failure clinical score. Large-scale prospective studies are needed to further study the utility of this novel technology in HF subjects.

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