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30.10.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 3/2018

Child's Nervous System 3/2018

Thirty-day outcomes in pediatric epilepsy surgery

Zeitschrift:
Child's Nervous System > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Aditya Vedantam, I-Wen Pan, Kristen A. Staggers, Sandi K. Lam

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to use the multicenter American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program–Pediatric (NSQIP-P) to evaluate and identify risk factors for 30-day adverse events in children undergoing epilepsy surgery.

Methods

Using the 2015 NSQIP-P database, we identified children (age 0–18 years) undergoing pediatric epilepsy surgery and analyzed NSQIP-defined complications, unplanned reoperations, and unplanned readmissions. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed using perioperative data to identify risk factors for adverse events within 30 days of the index procedure.

Results

Two hundred eight pediatric patients undergoing epilepsy surgery were identified for the year 2015 in the NSQIP-P database. The majority of patients were male (51.8%) and white (72.9%). The median age was 10 years. Neurological and neuromuscular comorbidities were seen in 62.5% of patients. Surgical blood loss and transfusion was the most common overall NSQIP-defined event (15.7%) and was reported in 40% with hemispherectomy. Nineteen patients (6.8%) had an unplanned reoperation and 20 patients (7.1%) had an unplanned readmission. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that African American patients (OR 3.26, 95% CI 1.29–8.21, p = 0.01) and hemispherectomy (OR 3.05, 95% CI 1.4–6.65, p = 0.01) were independently associated with NSQIP-defined complications. Patients undergoing hemispherectomy (OR 4.11, 95% CI 1.48–11.42, p = 0.01) were also at significantly higher risk of unplanned readmission after pediatric epilepsy surgery.

Conclusions

Data from the 2015 NSQIP-P database showed that hemispherectomy was significantly associated with higher perioperative events in children undergoing epilepsy surgery. Quality improvement initiatives for hemispherectomy should target surgical blood loss and wound-related complications. Racial disparities in access to cranial pediatric epilepsy surgery and perioperative complications were also highlighted in the present study.

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