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07.02.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2018

World Journal of Urology 6/2018

Thromboprophylaxis and the route of administration of chemotherapy in testicular cancer patients in German-speaking countries

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Urology > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Tim Nestler, Johannes Huber, Adrienne M. Laury, Hendrik Isbarn, Axel Heidenreich, Hans U. Schmelz, Christian G. Ruf
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00345-018-2222-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

Due to the excellent cure rates for testicular cancer (TC), focus has shifted towards decreasing therapy-related morbidities. Thrombosis is a frequent complication of cisplatin chemotherapy. Furthermore, the optimal route of administration for chemotherapy is still under debate. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of care concerning dosing and duration of thromboprophylaxis currently utilized in TC patients in German-speaking countries as well as the route of chemotherapy administration.

Methods

A standardized questionnaire was sent to all members of the German TC Study Group (GTCSG) and to all the urological university hospitals in Germany. The questionnaire was also sent to the oncologic clinics at those universities where urologists do not administer chemotherapy.

Results

The response rate was 87% (55/63). Prophylactic anticoagulation with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) was administered in 94% of the clinics. The dosing of LMWH was prophylactic (85%), high prophylactic (adjusted to bodyweight) (7%), or risk adapted (9%). After completion of chemotherapy, anticoagulation was continued in 15 clinics (33%) for 2 to 24 weeks, while the remainder stopped the LMWH upon cessation of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy was administered via central venous access in 59%, peripheral IV in 27%, or both in 14% of the clinics.

Conclusions

Most of the institutions performed some form of thromboprophylaxis, although the modes of application varied by institution type and amongst the urologists and oncologists. Prospective studies are needed to evaluate the incidence, date of occurrence, and risk factors of venous thrombosis during TC chemotherapy to provide a recommendation concerning prophylactic anticoagulation.

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