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01.11.2010 | Clinical Research | Ausgabe 11/2010

Obesity Surgery 11/2010

Time-Course Changes in Bone Turnover Markers and Fat-Soluble Vitamins After Obesity Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery > Ausgabe 11/2010
Autoren:
Fernando Granado-Lorencio, Alberto Simal-Antón, Javier Salazar-Mosteiro, Carmen Herrero-Barbudo, Encarnación Donoso-Navarro, Inmaculada Blanco-Navarro, Belen Pérez-Sacristán

Abstract

Background

The available evidence indicates a progressive increase in the incidence and severity of the deficiency of certain vitamins and related clinical conditions (i.e., metabolic bone disease). Because of the potential role of fat-soluble vitamins and carotenoids in bone metabolism, our aim was to assess the time-course changes of fat-soluble vitamins and serum markers of bone metabolism in candidates for obesity surgery and following two bariatric procedures.

Methods

Sixty-five candidates for bariatric surgery and 150 serum samples after obesity surgery (i.e., Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, n = 85; biliopancreatic diversion, n = 65) were consecutively analyzed over a period of more than 2 years. Retinol, α- and γ-tocopherol, 25-OH-vitamin D3, β-cryptoxanthin, and β-carotene were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), osteocalcin, beta-crosslaps, and N-terminal peptide of procollagen I (P1NP) were determined using commercial kits.

Results

Retinol, β-cryptoxanthin, β-carotene, and α- and γ-tocopherol levels were significantly lower in post-surgery samples while osteocalcin, b-crosslaps, and P1NP were significantly increased. Along the time and regardless of the surgical procedure, P1NP, b-crosslaps, and osteocalcin increased during the first 12–24 months but declined afterward. 25-OH-vitamin D increased during the first 12 months and tended to decrease afterward while iPTH remained constant or decreased but increased after 1 year in both groups. Vitamin A remained constant but α- and γ-tocopherol, β-cryptoxanthin, and β-carotene decreased in both groups.

Conclusions

In addition to the nutritional assessment, regular monitoring of bone markers seems necessary in these patients and the early introduction of preventive strategies (i.e., the use of antiresorptive agents) should be evaluated.

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