Skip to main content
main-content

04.03.2019 | Topic Paper | Ausgabe 3/2020

World Journal of Urology 3/2020

Timing of androgen deprivation monotherapy and combined treatments in castration-sensitive and castration-resistant prostate cancer: a narrative review

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Urology > Ausgabe 3/2020
Autoren:
F. Kunath, P. J. Goebell, B. Wullich, D. Sikic, A. Kahlmeyer
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Standard androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) can be initiated early at the time of diagnosis in asymptomatic castration-sensitive advanced prostate cancer. This definition has recently been expanded to also include an early combined treatment with standard ADT and new antihormonal drugs. We aimed to present the best available evidence for the timing of initiation of ADT monotherapy and combined treatments in castration-sensitive/-resistant prostate cancer.

Methods

For this narrative review, we searched Cochrane reviews in the Cochrane Library, systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials in MEDLINE, phase III and ongoing trials in ClinicalTrials.gov and screened the reference lists to extract articles of interest. One author screened the references which were finally included after assessing their relevance through discussion with other experts in the field.

Results

The identified references were grouped by medication (standard ADT, androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, androgen receptor antagonists or combined therapies) and tumor stage (castration sensitive or resistant). The evidence was narratively summarized and discussed in the context of the current therapeutic landscape.

Conclusions

Early standard ADT can reduce symptoms of disease progression and may extend progression-free and overall survival. The patient should be well informed about the higher rates of treatment-related side effects. Deferring standard ADT might be indicated only for well-informed or unfit patients. Early standard ADT is increasingly combined with new antihormonal drugs in castration-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer to gain additional survival and quality of life benefits. Combined treatment at the time of development of castration-resistant disease is well established.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2020

World Journal of Urology 3/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Gynäkologie & Urologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.