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21.04.2018 | Original Article

To Evaluate the Efficacy and Effectiveness of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue (TRU SEAL) in Closure of Oral and Maxillofacial Laceration and Surgical Incisions

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Autoren:
Praveen Kumar Singh, Saikrishna Degala, Sujeeth Shetty, Vijay Singh Rai, Asutosh Das

Abstract

Introduction

Effective wound closure is critical for minimizing wound complications and preventing wound dehiscence. The various wound closure techniques include staples, traditional nylon and skin sutures, subcuticular sutures, and skin adhesives. Currently topical skin adhesives are frequently being used. It offers countless advantages: short application time, easy execution as well as possessing hemostatic character. N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate is bacteriostatic and biodegradable and exhibits suitable tensile strength.

Materials and Methods

Under nasoendotracheal intubation, the reduction in fracture and plating was done. In 80% of the patients, subcutaneous sutures were placed. Skin closure was done with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue.

Results

In this study, REEDA scale was used to assess healing. Redness, edema, and ecchymosis were seen in all 10 patients, which subsided by the second week postoperatively. None of the patients had discharge from surgical site on the first postoperative day but was noted in two patients the first week postoperatively. There was evidence of wound gaping in one patient on the first postoperative day and two patients at end of the first week postoperatively. Stony Brook Scar Evaluation was used to evaluate postoperative cosmesis. No significant cosmetic impairment was found in all patients at the end of the study.

Conclusion

The study reflects qualitative assessment of cyanoacrylates which is simple to use and proper application which resulted in uniform and everted closure of wound. It is cost-efficient as compared to other wound closure materials.

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