Skip to main content
main-content

25.11.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

Comparative Clinical Pathology 2/2018

Toxicological evaluations of aqueous extracts of two Nigerian ethnobotanicals (Tetrapleura tetraptera and Quassia undulata) of neurological importance in rats

Zeitschrift:
Comparative Clinical Pathology > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Veronica Oluwatoyin Odubanjo, Emmanuel Oluwafemi Ibukun, Ganiyu Oboh

Abstract

Tetrapleura tetraptera (TT) and Quassia undulata (QU) are two predominant ethnobotanicals commonly used in traditional medical practices for the management of neurological disorders in Nigeria. However, there is a dearth of information on the toxicological aspects of these plants. Hence, in this study, a 14-day toxicological evaluation of aqueous extracts of TT and QU were carried out in rats. The extracts were administered orally with 5, 50, 500, 2000, and 5000 mg/kg body weight. Signs of toxicity were observed every hour for the first 6 h and every day for 14 days. Mortality, clinical signs, body weight changes, and biochemical parameters were monitored during the study period. There were no mortality or change in weight observed in the rats at all doses for both extracts, while some clinical signs were observed in rats dosed at 5000 mg/kg during the first 2 h of dosing. Also, there were no significant changes in the plasma liver marker enzymes [aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)], plasma renal marker enzymes [creatinine, urea, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and uric acid], and the tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of rats administered 5, 50, 500, and 2000 mg/kg of both extracts when compared to the control, but there was a significant increase in the plasma AST, ALT, and MDA levels of rats administered 5000 mg/kg when compared to the control. The no observed adverse effects level (NOAEL) value of 5–2000 mg/kg implies that the extracts could be safe at those doses and could give some information on the safety of these plants with respect to their ethnomedicinal uses especially in the management of neurological disorder.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Bis zum 22.10. bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2018

Comparative Clinical Pathology 2/2018Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Pathologie

29.08.2018 | Schwerpunkt: Ektopes Gewebe | Ausgabe 5/2018

Ektopien des Thymus und ektope Thymustumoren

28.08.2018 | Schwerpunkt: Ektopes Gewebe | Ausgabe 5/2018

Ektopes Gewebe des weiblichen Genitaltraktes

22.08.2018 | Schwerpunkt: Ektopes Gewebe | Ausgabe 5/2018 Open Access

Ektopien der Niere, Harnwege und männlichen Geschlechtsorgane

22.08.2018 | Schwerpunkt: Ektopes Gewebe | Ausgabe 5/2018

Histopathologie und Klinik der Extrauteringravidität

 

 

 
 

Bildnachweise