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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

The Ultrasound Journal 1/2018

Transient systolic anterior motion with junctional rhythm after mitral valve repair in the intensive care unit

The Ultrasound Journal > Ausgabe 1/2018
Yusuke Seino, Nobuo Sato, Kimiya Fukui, Junya Ishikawa, Masahi Nakagawa, Takeshi Nomura
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13089-018-0111-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


Systolic anterior motion (SAM) after mitral valve repair (MVR) can adversely affect hemodynamics due to exacerbation of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and mitral regurgitation. Intraoperative transient SAM after MVR can usually be managed with hemodynamic maneuvers under continuous monitoring by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). However, during postoperative intensive care management, transient SAM is seldom diagnosed and the start of treatment may be delayed. We present a case of transient SAM after MVR with abrupt deterioration due to junctional rhythm in the intensive care unit (ICU). TEE revealed that conversion from normal sinus rhythm into junctional rhythm induced the exacerbation of SAM. TEE was useful for identifying the etiology of unstable hemodynamics after cardiac surgery in the ICU, similar to its use in the operating room.
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