Conservative treatment strategy without antibiotics in patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis (UD) has proven to be safe. The aim of the current study is to assess the clinical course of UD patients who were initially treated without antibiotics and to identify risk factors for treatment failure.
A retrospective cohort study was performed including all patients with a CT-proven episode of UD (defined as modified Hinchey 1A). Only non-immunocompromised patients who presented without signs of sepsis were included. Patients that received antibiotics within 24 h after or 2 weeks prior to presentation were excluded from analysis. Patient characteristics, clinical signs, and laboratory parameters were collected. Treatment failure was defined as (re)admittance, mortality, complications (perforation, abscess, colonic obstruction, urinary tract infection, pneumonia) or need for antibiotics, operative intervention, or percutaneous abscess drainage within 30 days after initial presentation. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to quantify which variables are independently related to treatment failure.
Between January 2005 and January 2017, 751 patients presented at the emergency department with a CT-proven UD. Of these, 186 (25%) patients were excluded from analysis because of antibiotic treatment. A total of 565 patients with UD were included. Forty-six (8%) patients experienced treatment failure. In the multivariable analysis, a high CRP level (> 170 mg/L) was a significant predictive factor for treatment failure.
UD patients with a CRP level > 170 mg/L are at higher risk for non-antibiotic treatment failure. Clinical physicians should take this finding in consideration when selecting patients for non-antibiotic treatment.
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- Treatment of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis without antibiotics: risk factors for treatment failure
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