Skip to main content
main-content

11.01.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 6/2017

Clinical Research in Cardiology 6/2017

Trends in aortic valve replacement in Germany in 2015: transcatheter versus isolated surgical aortic valve repair

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Research in Cardiology > Ausgabe 6/2017
Autoren:
Luise Gaede, Johannes Blumenstein, Won-Keun Kim, Christoph Liebetrau, Oliver Dörr, Holger Nef, Christian Hamm, Albrecht Elsässer, Helge Möllmann

Abstract

Aims

We analysed the number of procedures, indications, and in-hospital mortality rates of all patients undergoing isolated surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) or transvascular (TV-) and transapical (TA-) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) from 2012 to 2015 in Germany.

Methods and results

More than 31,000 aortic valve procedures were performed in 2015 in Germany, representing a total increase of 4.5% over 2014. TV-TAVI accounts for 13,108 of these procedures, with an increase of 21%, whereas the numbers of isolated sAVR and TA-TAVI decreased slightly. Age, frailty, high risk, and patients’ choice were the main reasons for a catheter-based intervention. In 2015, the in-hospital mortality rate after TV-TAVI decreased to 3.4%, approaching that of sAVR (2.9%), despite a considerably higher baseline risk. A stratified analysis according to the German aortic valve (AKL) score demonstrated a further decrease of the in-hospital mortality for TV-TAVI, showing a lower in-hospital mortality rate than expected in all risk groups. Importantly, this also accounts for the lowest risk group with an AKL score <3% showing an in-hospital mortality rate of 1.7%, which is now comparable to that of sAVR (1.5%). In all other risk groups, the in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing TV-TAVI was lower than in patients undergoing sAVR.

Conclusions

Mortality after TV-TAVI keeps decreasing over the last years and equals that of SAVR in the lowest risk cohort in the meanwhile. All TV-TAVI patients have significantly lower observed than expected mortality, which will further lead to a redefinition of standard of care.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2017

Clinical Research in Cardiology 6/2017 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise