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01.12.2018 | Original research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 1/2018

Trends in the performance of quality indicators for diabetes care in the community and in diabetes-related health status: an Israeli ecological study

Israel Journal of Health Policy Research > Ausgabe 1/2018
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Michal Cohen-Dadi, Dana Opas, Dena H. Jaffe, Jacob Levine, Arie Ben-Yehuda, Ora Paltiel, Orly Manor
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13584-018-0206-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
A comment to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13584-018-0216-1.



Israel is one of the few countries that have a national program for quality assessment of community healthcare. We aimed to evaluate whether improved performance in diabetes care was associated with improved health of diabetic patients on a national level.


We conducted a nationwide ecological study estimating improvements in diabetes-related quality indicators and health outcomes. We estimated both correlations between composite measures of diabetes-related quality indicators and selected outcomes, and assessed through a joinpoint analysis whether trends in selected outcomes changed 4 years after the inception of the national program.


Between 2002 and 2010, the prevalence of diabetes in Israeli adults increased from 4.8% to 7.4%. During these years, an improvement was noticed in most quality indicators (from 53% to 75% for the composite score). Declines were noted in rates of blindness, diabetes-related end-stage kidney disease, lower limbs amputations and diabetes-related mortality. Significant accelerations in decline were noted for amputations in men and diabetes-related mortality in both Arab men and women 4 years after the inception of the national program.


This study suggests that Israel’s national program for quality indicators in diabetes care in the community has probably had a significant impact on the health status of the whole population and may have contributed to narrowing gaps in life expectancy between Israeli Jews and Arabs. Future studies based on individual-level data are needed to confirm these results.
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table: Age-standardized incidence rates of selected diabetes-related outcomes in the Israeli population, by year. (DOCX 27 kb)
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