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Erschienen in: Gefässchirurgie 1/2015

01.01.2015 | Leitthema

Twelve years of the quality assurance registry on ruptured and non-ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms of the German Vascular Society (DGG)

Part 3: Predictors of perioperative outcome with a focus on annual caseload. English version

verfasst von: M. Trenner, B. Haller, H. Söllner, M. Storck, T. Umscheid, H. Niedermeier, Prof. Dr. H.-H. Eckstein

Erschienen in: Gefässchirurgie | Sonderheft 1/2015

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Abstract

Objective

The aim of the study was to analyze clinical, morphological and structural predictors of the outcome of open and endovascular surgery on non-ruptured (nr) and ruptured (r) abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in a quality assurance registry of the German Vascular Society (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gefäßchirurgie und Gefäßmedizin, DGG). The study focused in particular on a possible relationship between annual hospital caseload and outcome.

Patients and methods

Between 1999 and 2010 a total of 36,594 surgical procedures for nrAAA and 4859 surgical procedures for rAAA were recorded in 201 hospitals. Categorical and quantitative characteristics are summarized in descriptive statistics. To analyze a relationship between annual hospital caseload and in-hospital mortality, the hospitals were divided into volume groups. A mixed logistic regression model was used to compare the groups. Additionally, a univariate model with volume groups as an influencing variable was adjusted to the data, as well as multivariate models with volume groups, type of surgery, age, AAA size, ASA score and presence of an additional iliac aneurysm or inflammatory AAA as independent variables.

Results

The mean age was 71.0 years (± 8.1) in nrAAA and 73.8 years (± 9.1) in rAAA. In total, 66.7 % of patients with nrAAA and 88.3 % in rAAA presented with ASA ≥ 3. In nrAAA, 37 % of patients received endovascular aortic repair (EVAR), 11.8 % for rAAA. In-hospital mortality for nrAAA was 2.7 % [open aortic repair (OAR) 3.6 %, EVAR 1.3 %], for rAAA 39 % (OAR 41.2 %, EVAR 21.8 %).
Univariate analysis showed increasing age, ASA ≥ 3, increasing aneurysm size, inflammatory AAA and OAR to be significant predictors of higher in-hospital mortality in both nrAAA, and rAAA. A significant survival benefit for the treatment of nrAAA could be shown for patients treated in hospitals with a caseload of ≥ 31 operative procedures per year (compared to 1–20 operative procedures/year). Hospitals with higher annual caseloads also showed a trend towards decreased mortality in rAAA. Multivariate analysis showed increasing age, AAA diameter ≥ 6 cm, ASA ≥ 3 and OAR to be independent predictors of perioperative fatality in nrAAA and rAAA. In nrAAA, an annual AAA volume of 50–62 cases was an independent predictor of lower in-hospital mortality.

Conclusions

Comorbidities (ASA score) and increasing age are significant predictors of increased in-hospital mortality in nrAAA and rAAA. A higher annual volume is associated with lower in-hospital mortality in nrAAA. For both elective and emergency AAA treatment, a referral to a hospital with a high annual AAA caseload should be considered.
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Metadaten
Titel
Twelve years of the quality assurance registry on ruptured and non-ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms of the German Vascular Society (DGG)
Part 3: Predictors of perioperative outcome with a focus on annual caseload. English version
verfasst von
M. Trenner
B. Haller
H. Söllner
M. Storck
T. Umscheid
H. Niedermeier
Prof. Dr. H.-H. Eckstein
Publikationsdatum
01.01.2015
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Gefässchirurgie / Ausgabe Sonderheft 1/2015
Print ISSN: 0948-7034
Elektronische ISSN: 1434-3932
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00772-014-1401-3