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19.05.2017 | Knee | Ausgabe 9/2018

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 9/2018

Two cycles of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF-Endoret) intra-articular injections improve stiffness and activities of daily living but not pain compared to one cycle on patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 9/2018
Autoren:
Víctor Vaquerizo, Sabino Padilla, José Javier Aguirre, Leire Begoña, Gorka Orive, Eduardo Anitua

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of a treatment based on one cycle versus two cycles of intra-articular injections of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF-Endoret) on patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods

Ninety patients with knee OA were included and evaluated. A total of 48 patients received one cycle (OC group) (3 injections on a weekly basis), while 42 patients received two cycles of PRGF-Endoret (TC group) spaced 6 months between them. Patients were evaluated with LEQUESNE and WOMAC scores before treatment and after 48 weeks. Safety assessment was also performed.

Results

A significant reduction of all assessed outcome measures was shown for both groups at 48 weeks compared with baseline values (P < 0.001). Patients of TCs group showed a significantly higher reduction (P < 0.05) in WOMAC stiffness subscales. Regarding LEQUESNE INDEX, a significantly higher reduction was observed in the TC group in all subscales except in pain score. In the maximum walking distance subscale (MCD), the improvement rate was 31.8% higher for the TCs group compared with the OC group (P < 0.01). In addition, the TC group showed a significant improvement in LEQUESNE activities of daily living (ADV) and global subscales of 14.7 and 11.8% (P < 0.05) higher, respectively, than the OC group.

Conclusions

Treatment with two cycles of PRGF did not show a significantly higher pain reduction compared with one cycle treatment. However, two cycles of PRGF showed a significant improvement in WOMAC stiffness, LEQUESNE MCD, LEQUESNE ADV and LEQUESNE global subscales. Therefore, patients treated with two cycles present an improvement in quality of life.

Level of evidence

II.

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