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01.06.2014 | Orthopaedic Surgery | Ausgabe 6/2014

Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 6/2014

Uncemented metal-back glenoid component in revision of aseptic glenoid loosening: a prospective study of 10 cases with a minimum follow-up of 2 years

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Philippe Valenti, Pablo Valle, Philippe Sauzieres, Omar Boughebri, Tina Moraiti, Ali Maqdes, Christian K. Spies, Frank Unglaub, Franck Marie Leclère

Abstract

Introduction

Glenoid component loosening comprises 25 % of all complications related to total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA). This prospective study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of an uncemented metal-back glenoid component in cases of revision of aseptic glenoid loosening.

Materials and methods

Between September 2007 and January 2010, a total of ten patients with symptomatic glenoid loosening after TSA (7 cemented and 3 non-cemented) underwent revision surgery with an uncemented metal-back glenoid component (MB). The rotator cuff was functional in all cases. The reconstruction of the glenoid was obtained using an iliac crest graft (8 patients) or synthetic bone substitute (2 patients). The non-cemented glenoid component was fixed into the glenoid native bone, thus stabilizing the graft reconstruction. A clinical and radiological checkup was performed at the long-term follow-up and compared with the preoperative values. The patients were also asked to quantify their pain and satisfaction.

Results

There were no intraoperative complications. In all cases, the radiological evaluation showed a good integration of the bone graft with no radiolucency or new glenoid loosening. In one patient, the revision surgery was indicated for the dissociation between MB and polyethylene. After more than 2 years of follow-up, all patients were satisfied or highly satisfied with the outcomes. The pain VAS score (0–10) decreased from 5.1 to 0.6 (p < 0.001). The simple shoulder test increased from 3.4 to 7.9 points (gain 4.5; p < 0.001). The Constant and Murley score increased from 39.4 to 71 points (gain 31.6; p < 0.001). The gain in anterior elevation was 31°, from 118° to 149° (p < 0.001). External rotation elbow to the body (ER1) increased from an average of 34° preoperatively to 47° after surgery (p < 0.001) and external rotation at 90° of abduction from 43° to 66° (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

This study suggests that revision with a non-cemented glenoid component associated with a bone graft can solve the difficult challenge of glenoid loosening, provided that the rotator cuff is functional and the glenoid is reconstructable.

Level of evidence and study type

Cohort studies (prospective) without controls, Level IV.

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