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01.11.2014 | Clinical trial | Ausgabe 1/2014

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 1/2014

Understanding process-of-care delays in surgical treatment of breast cancer at a comprehensive cancer center

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
Mehra Golshan, Katya Losk, Sarah Kadish, Nancy U. Lin, Judith Hirshfield-Bartek, Linda Cutone, Yasuaki Sagara, Fatih Aydogan, Kristen Camuso, Saul N. Weingart, Craig Bunnell

Abstract

Few studies have examined care processes within providers’ and institutions’ control that expedite or delay care. The authors investigated the timeliness of breast cancer care at a comprehensive cancer center, focusing on factors influencing the time from initial consultation to first definitive surgery (FDS). The care of 1,461 women with breast cancer who underwent surgery at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center from 2011 to 2013 was studied. The interval between consultation and FDS was calculated to identify variation in timeliness of care based on procedure, provider, and patients’ sociodemographic characteristics. Targets of 14 days for lumpectomy and mastectomy and 28 days from mastectomy with immediate reconstruction were set and used to define delay. Mean days between consultation and FDS was 21.6 (range 1–175, sd 15.8) for lumpectomy, 36.7 (5–230, 29.1) for mastectomy, and 37.5 (7–111, 16) for mastectomy with reconstruction. Patients under 40 were less likely to be delayed (OR = 0.56, 95 % CI = 0.33–0.94, p = 0.03). Patients undergoing mastectomy alone (OR = 2.64, 95 % CI = 1.80–3.89, p < 0.0001) and mastectomy with immediate reconstruction (OR = 1.34 95 % CI = 1.00–1.79, p = 0.05) were more likely to be delayed when compared to lumpectomy. Substantial variation in surgical timeliness was identified. This study provides insight into targets for improvement including better coordination with plastic surgery and streamlining pre-operative testing. Cancer centers may consider investing in efforts to measure and improve the timeliness of cancer care.

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