Skip to main content

21.04.2019 | General Gynecology | Ausgabe 1/2019

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 1/2019

Unexpected coexistent endometriosis in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas is independently associated with infertility, nulliparity and minor myoma size

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics > Ausgabe 1/2019
Kristin Nicolaus, Dominik Bräuer, Robert Sczesny, Thomas Lehmann, Herbert Diebolder, Ingo B. Runnebaum
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.



To determine risk factors for unexpected coexistent endometriosis in laparoscopic myomectomy for symptomatic uterine leiomyomas.


This was a single-centre, retrospective cohort study conducted at a University Women’s Hospital with a certified endometriosis centre. Data were collected from patients with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy. The main outcome measured in the study was the presence of histologically confirmed endometriosis. Binary regression analysis was used to investigate risk factors for the coexistence of endometriosis. Postoperative complications were classified according to the Clavien–Dindo classification.


From 2014 to 2018, 223 patients underwent laparoscopic myomectomy for symptomatic leiomyomas, and 57 (25.6%) had unexpected endometriosis. Women with endometriosis significantly more frequently were nulliparous (66.7% vs. 51.2%; p = 0.04), had reported infertility (31.6% vs. 15.7%; p = 0.01) and smaller leiomyomas (mean diameter 4.92 cm) than women without endometriosis (mean diameter 6.02 cm; p = 0.006). Coexistent endometriosis significantly increased mean operative time (168.4 vs. 142.8 min; p = 0.05) while intra- and postoperative complications showed a similar distribution (p = 0.87) and length of hospital stay (p = 0.26). Binary regression analysis identified 2.3- and 2.2-fold increases in the risk of endometriosis for infertility (p = 0.042) and nulliparity (p = 0.041), respectively. Myoma size influenced the risk of endometriosis by a factor of 0.8 per cm (p = 0.037).


Coexistent endometriosis should be expected in leiomyoma patients particularly with nulliparity, infertility or minor myoma size as independent risk factors. Preoperative counselling should incorporate surgical therapy of coexisting endometriosis.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2019

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 1/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Gynäkologie & Urologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.