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23.11.2016 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Insights into Imaging 1/2017

Unexpected hosts: imaging parasitic diseases

Insights into Imaging > Ausgabe 1/2017
Pablo Rodríguez Carnero, Paula Hernández Mateo, Susana Martín-Garre, Ángela García Pérez, Lourdes del Campo
Wichtige Hinweise
The idea of this review article was conceived from an EPOS presented at ECR 2013 by some of the authors: “Unexpected Hosts: Imaging Parasitic Diseases” doi:10.​1594/​ecr2013/​C-2165.


Radiologists seldom encounter parasitic diseases in their daily practice in most of Europe, although the incidence of these diseases is increasing due to migration and tourism from/to endemic areas. Moreover, some parasitic diseases are still endemic in certain European regions, and immunocompromised individuals also pose a higher risk of developing these conditions. This article reviews and summarises the imaging findings of some of the most important and frequent human parasitic diseases, including information about the parasite’s life cycle, pathophysiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment. We include malaria, amoebiasis, toxoplasmosis, trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, echinococcosis, cysticercosis, clonorchiasis, schistosomiasis, fascioliasis, ascariasis, anisakiasis, dracunculiasis, and strongyloidiasis. The aim of this review is to help radiologists when dealing with these diseases or in cases where they are suspected.
Teaching Points
Incidence of parasitic diseases is increasing due to migratory movements and travelling.
Some parasitic diseases are still endemic in certain regions in Europe.
Parasitic diseases can have complex life cycles often involving different hosts.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment is essential for patient management in parasitic diseases.
Radiologists should be able to recognise and suspect the most relevant parasitic diseases.
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