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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 1/2017

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, is it superior to high tibial osteotomy in treating unicompartmental osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis and systemic review

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Marcel Budhi Santoso, Lidong Wu

Abstract

Background

Debate remains whether high tibial osteotomy (HTO) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is more beneficial for the treatment of unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to compare the functional results, knee scores, activity levels, and complications between the two procedures.

Methods

We performed a systematic review of published literature from August 1982 through January 2017. Fifteen papers reporting three prospective randomized trials were subjected to a meta-analysis.

Results

No significant difference between the two groups was noted with respect to free walking (velocity), knee score, deterioration of the contralateral or patellofemoral knee, or revision rate and total knee arthroplasty. However, UKA produced better outcomes compared to HTO in terms of the functional results, pain assessment, and complications, although patients who underwent HTO tended to have slightly better range of motion.

Conclusions

Valgus HTO provides better physical activity for younger patients whereas UKA is more suitable for older patients due to shorter rehabilitation time and faster functional recovery. Although UKA patients tended to have improved overall long-term outcomes, which may be due to accurate indications and patient selection, both treatment options yielded pleasing results. Therefore, we are unable to conclude that either method is superior.
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