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03.01.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 3/2019

Upper Eyelid Filling Approach [U.E.F.A.] Technique: State of the Art After 500 Consecutive Patients

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2019
Francesco Romeo
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Lately, it has become evident that eye physical aging is mainly due to depletion of the upper eyelid fat causing laxity and wrinkles of the eyelid skin, and new therapeutic strategies aimed at solving the volume loss have appeared in the literature. The aim of this study is to provide a clear classification of upper eyelid aging after 500 consecutive cases and to present a standardization of the therapeutic approach to be adopted when using hyaluronic acid (HA) as fillers or a surgical approach.


The upper eyelid aging process of a total of 500 patients was classified based on the measurement of the pre-tarsal skin show m and the pre-septal skin show N. A total of 382 patients were treated exclusively with HA injections in the upper eyelid, 45 patients both with blepharoplasty surgery and HA filling, whereas only 73 patients underwent blepharoplasty only.


Patient satisfaction and at least 1-year clinical follow-up were used to evaluate the results. Pre-treatment and post-treatment photographic assessment was considered as well. A total of 447 patients were women, whereas 53 were men. The correct ratio between m and N was restored in all cases.


HA filling can be used as either the only volumization procedure or together with blepharoplasty to restore upper eyelid volume loss. The correct strategy has to be selected on the basis of a clear classification. The upper eyelid filling approach is a safe, manageable, lasting and low-cost technique providing excellent results when the correct procedure is followed.

Level of Evidence IV

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

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